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托福词汇研究

http://Tran.httpcn.com 日期:2001-12-27 来源: 【无忧雅思网】


aback ad.向后;逆帆 [A, BACK]
abaft ad.prep.在船尾;在...之后 [A + -baft abandon v.放弃;放纵;遗弃 [MEabase v.降低;贬抑 [A-, baissier to lower ultabash v.使局促不安 [bash; unabashed]
abate v.减少;减轻 [rebate 将<已付金额的一部分>予以折扣,回扣,退还]
abbey n.大修道院; 大教堂 [Abba上帝 abbacy 男修道院长(abbot)之职务(辖区,任期) abbess 女修道院院长;尼庵住持]
abbreviation n.缩短;缩写 [brevity 短暂;简短]
abdicate v.放弃权利;让位 [AB-, dicare declare]
abdomen n.腹;下腹 [abdominal adj.]
abduct v.绑架;拐走 [viaduct陆桥,高架桥 (道路,铁路)(abed ad.在床上 [A, BED ill(sick)~病卧床上 lie~躺在床上]
aberration n.离开正路;脱离常轨 [errant 错误的,偏离的;游历的;遍历危险的]
abet v.教唆;唆使 [bait(装于钓)上或陷阱中的钩饵]
abeyance n.中止;暂搁 [abhor v.憎恨;厌恶 [horrible]
abide v.容忍;忍受 [abide by 遵守<规则、法令、决定等>]
abject a.可怜的;卑鄙的 [reject]
abjure v.发誓断绝;公开放弃 [jurare; purjury]
ablution n.沐浴 [antediluvian 诺亚(Noah)洪水前的;太古的;过时的 (cf deluge)]
abnegate v.放弃权利;舍弃;戒禁快乐 [AB-, negare deny]
abnormal a.不正常的;变态的 [earlier and F anormal, anomalabode n.住所 [verbal noun of ABIDE: cf. ride, rode, road]
abolition n.废除;革除 [abolish]
abominate v.痛恨;痛恶 [ominous (omen 的形容词)不祥的;凶兆的]
aboriginal a.原始的;土著的 [ab+origin+al]
abortive a.失败的;无意的 [oriental; abort]
abound v.充满;富于 [abundant]
abrade v.摩擦;磨掉 [erase; abrasion (abrade的名词)(岩石的)剥蚀;(机械的)磨损]
abridge v.缩短;删节 [MEabrogate v.废止;取消 [interogative rogation (常 ~s)(基督教)(耶稣升天节前三天做的)祷告 rogatory 请求的;要求的]
abrupt a.突然的;意外的 [ab+rupt=rumpere]
abscond v.潜逃 [condiments 调味料(seasoning) (芥茉、胡椒等)]
absolve v.赦免;解除 [solution]
abstain v.戒除;禁绝 [tenere]
abstemious a.饮食有度;有节制的 [temetum]
abstinence n.禁食 [abs+tinence ABSTINENT]
abstracted a.心不在焉的 [intractable; abstract]
abstruse a.深奥的 [intrusion]
absurd a.不合理的;荒唐的 [AB-, surdus deaf, dull]
abundant a.丰富的;富裕的 [MEabuse v.乱用;妄用 [ab+use disabuse 解除某人的迷惑;使醒悟]
abut v.紧邻;接靠 [a+but]
abyss n.深渊;地狱 [accede v.同意 [ac+cede]
accelerate v.加速进行 [ac+celer+ate;concede]
accentuate v.重读;强调 [ac+cent=cant+uate;ACCENT;cantata(音乐)清唱剧]
accessible a.易接近的;易受影响的 [accessible or LL accessibilis; ACCEDE; access]
accessory n.附件;从犯 [ac+ces+sory;ACCEDE]
accidental a.偶然的;意外的 [Eacclaim v.欢呼;喝采 [ac+claim=clamare;clamorous吵闹的,喧嚷的; acclamation]
acclimate v.适应于新环境 [ac+climate CLIMATE acclamation]
acclivity n.向上的陡坡 [ac+cliv+ity proclivity]
accolade n.赞美;赏赐 [ac+col=collum+ade; collar]
accommodate v.供应;容纳 [ac+commodus; accommodating]
accomplice n.共犯;帮凶 [ME and F complice(prob by assoc with ACCOMPANY),accord n.一致;符合 [ac+cord=cordis heart]
accost v.打招呼 [ac+cost=costa rib COAST]
accoutre v.供给服装;装备 [ac+coutre couture 女装业;女装设计师 couturier 女装设计师]
accredit v.相信;任命;归功于... [ac+cre+dit CREDIT]
accretion n.增大;添加 [ac+cret+tion accrue ACCRETE 生长;增大;合生]
accrue v.自然增加 [ac+crue增加]
accumulate v.积聚 [ac+cumul=cumulus堆积+ate]
accuse v.控告;归咎 [ac+cuse=CAUSE]
acephalous a.无头的 [a+cephal=kephale头+ous]
acerbity n.尖酸的言语或态度 [acerb尖,酸+ity acerbic尖刻的]
acetic a.酸的 [ace=acetum醋+ic]
achromatic a.无色的;消色的 [A-, CHROMATIC]
acidulous a.微酸的;克薄的 [acid酸+ulous多的]
acknowledge v.承认 [ac+KNOWLEDGE]
acme n.顶点;极至 [Gk, = highest point]
acoustics n.声学;传音性 [acoustic 听觉的;有关声音的]
acquaint v.告之;使熟悉 [ac+quiant知道=cognit come to know ACQUAINTANCE 熟人]
acquiescence n.默许的;顺从的 [ac+quiesce安静+nce;aquiescent顺从的 quiescent静止的]
acquisition n.获得;得到 [ACQUIRE acquisitive 贪得的;物质欲重的 requisite 必须品 acquisitiveness 渴望占有]
acquittal n.开释
acrid a.辛辣的;尖刻的 [irregacrimonious a.尖酸的 [ACRIMONY 尖刻;剧烈]
acrophobia n.高处恐怖症 [acro=akron+PHOBIA]
activate v.使活动
actuarial a.保险统计(员)的 [ACTUAL actuary 保险公司计算员;法庭记录(员) actuate 激励]
actuate v.激励;促使 [ACTUAL]
acuminate a.锐利的;有尖头的 [L acuminatus pointed: ACUMEN]
acute a.灵敏的;急性的 [L acutus pp. of acuere sharpenadage n.格言 [adagium ad+age]
adamant a.坚定不移的;固执的 [a+damant=daamao驯服]
adapt v.使适合 [ad+apt=aptus适合 adaptable有适应能力的 aptitude能力]
addendum n.补遗;追加物 [L, gerundive of addere ADD]
addiction n.沉迷;热中 [ADDICT ad+dict;addictive 使人上瘾的]
additive a.添加剂 [LL additivus: ADD]
addle a.混乱的;糊涂的 [addled头脑混乱的]
adduce v.引证;举出 [induce引诱]
adept a.老练的 [ad+ept能力 adopt 收养; adapt 适应]
adhere v.附着;坚持 [ad+here=haerere粘;adherent 拥护者,党徒]
adhibit v.容...进入;贴标签;采用 [AD-, habere have]
adipose a.多脂肪的 [同adeps adipis 胖的]
adjacent a.邻接的 [ad+jacent=jacere躺]
adjoin v.邻接;毗连 [AD-, jungere join]
adjourn v.延期;休会 [The court ~ed from Friday until Monday.]
adjudge v.判决;审查并颁给奖赏 [ME adjudicate v.判决;宣判;裁定 [ad+judic=judicare to judge; judicious明智的]
adjunct n.附属物;助手 [ad+ju
antibiotic n.抗生素;抗菌的 [antibody n.抗体 [anti-BODY]
antic a.古怪的;笨拙的 [antics滑稽的动作 ANTIQUE古董 attic阁楼]
anticipate v.预期;期待 [anticipatory预期的 precipitate加速;沉淀]
anticlimax n.令人泄气的转变 [anti-climax]
antidote n.解毒药 [DOTE老年痴呆 DOSE药剂 overdose药剂过量]
antielectron n.反电子;正电子
antigen n.抗原 [ANTIBODY, -GEN]
antipathy n.憎恶 [antipodal a.正相反的 [anti+podal]
antiquated a.陈旧的;过时的 [antique a.古代的 [F antique or L antiquus, anticus former, ancientantiques n.古董
antiquity n.古旧;古代;古代的人 [< L antiquitas -tatisantiseptic n.消毒剂;防腐剂 [septic 有菌的,感染的]
antisocial a.厌恶社交的 [anti-SOCIAL]
antithesis n.相反;对照;对偶 [Gk antitithemi set against (ANTI-, tithemi place)]
antonym n.反义词 [ANTI-, SYNONYM]
anvil n.铁砧 [OE anfilte etc]
apathetic a.冷淡的 [APATHY, after PATHETIC 可怜的;悲惨的;无价值的]
apathy n.冷淡;漠不关心 [F apathieaperitif n.开胃酒 [F aperitifaperture n.孔;开口 [APERITIF开胃酒]
apex n.顶点;最高点 [a+ peak顶峰]
aphorism n.格言;警语 [adage格言 maxim公理,格言]
apiary n.养蜂场;蜂房 [aviary养鸟场 apiculture养蜂业]
apiculture n.养蜂 [L apis bee, after AGRICULTURE]
apiece ad.每人;每个 [cost ten cents ~ 每个一角 A + PIECE]
aplomb n.沉着 [a+plomb 坠垂直线的铅锤 PLUMMET]
apocalyptic a.启示的;天启的 [APOCALYPSE启示,启示录 apogee远地点 MEapocryphal a.真伪可疑的;作者不明的 [apo远+cryph隐藏+al apocrypha伪经 cryptic隐藏的,秘密的 apocrypha 旁经;伪经]
apogee n.远地点;最高点 [apo远+gee地球 peri-gee近地点 geo-logy地质学 geo=gee]
apologize v.道歉 [apo-log-ize apologetic道歉的;歉意的]
apologue n.寓言 [F apologue apolune n.远月点 [(月卫轨道最远点;反perilune) APO-+L luna moon, after apogee]
apostate n.背教者;脱党者 [APOSTASY叛教,脱党]
apothecary n.药剂师 [apothec= apotheke储藏间+ary]
apothegm n.格言 [apo+the+gm]
apotheosis n.神圣的理想;神化之物 [ap+theos神+is theology神学 deify神化]
appall v.使惊

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