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PP2反义易错题集锦PLUS发散性注解

http://Tran.httpcn.com 日期:2002-3-18 来源:寄托天下

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epic:史诗;英勇的;超出正常范围的
extending beyond the usual or ordinary especially in size or scope
epic◇modest 超出正常范围的◇适度的
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raspy:adj. 刺耳的,粗糙的,易怒的 HARSH, GRATING
mellifluous◇raspy(声音,音乐)甜美的◇刺耳的
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startle:vt.使大吃一惊 n.吃惊
to frighten or surprise suddenly and usually not seriously
lull:vt. 使平静,哄骗,使安静
to cause to sleep or rest:SOOTHE
startle◇lul惊起《》麻痹主要对的是ALARM警惕性
25
chicanery n.欺诈,欺骗 deception by artful subterfuge or sophistry:TRICKERY
chicanery:clever=tactlessness:truthful 欺诈:机灵的=不圆滑的:真诚的 (褒贬程度关系)
gullible:chicanery=servile:domination 易受骗的:欺骗=易屈服的:控制 (因果关系)
chicanery◇forthrightness {deep conviction/firm opposition}狡辩◇直率 {深信/坚定反对}
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impugn:v. 指责,对…表示怀疑
to assail by words or arguments:oppose or attack as false or lacking integrity
extol◇condemn/impugn/detract 赞美◇谴责/指责/贬低
impugn◇champion 指责◇支持
impugn◇endorse 指责◇同意
impugn◇vindicate 指责◇辩护
impugn◇uphold指责◇赞同
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pedestrian:adj.徒步的,缺乏想像的呆板的 n.行人
COMMONPLACE, UNIMAGINATIVE
pedestrian◇imaginative 缺乏想像的◇富于想象的
pedestrian◇uncommon平凡的◇不凡的
pedestrian◇marvelous平凡的◇非凡的
pedestrian◇inspired呆板的◇有灵感的
####:注意!!!:不能选ATTRACTIVE
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perjorative:adj.带有轻蔑意义的,贬低的
having negative connotations; especially :tending to disparage or belittle:DEPRECIATORY

incendiary:adj. 放火的,煽动的,教唆的
of, relating to, or involving a deliberate burning of propert
execrable◇commendable/laudable 极坏的◇赞扬的
pejorative◇laudatory 贬低的◇赞美的
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bring off:救出,完成。
bungle:vt.vi. 拙劣地工作,粗制滥造,失败 to act or work clumsily and awkwardly
bungle◇bring off 失败◇大成功
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vigilant:adj. 警醒的,警戒着的,警惕的 alertly watchful especially to avoid danger
oblivious:adj. 易忘的,遗忘的,忘却的,健忘的 lacking remembrance, memory, or mindful attention
vigilant:entrapped=exacting:satisfied=wary:gulled
警惕的:落入陷阱的=苛求的:感到满意的=小心的:受骗的 (人物性格及其反面特征)
vigilant:waylaid=wary:duped {energetic:frenzied/curious:interrogatory}
警惕的:被埋伏:机警的:被欺骗 (人物及其反面特征)
oblivious◇vigilant 忘却的◇警醒的
vigilant◇oblivious警醒的◇忘却的
vigilant◇unalert警醒的◇不警觉的
vigilant◇negligible警醒的◇容易忽略的
supine◇vigilant懒散的◇警惕的
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stodgy:adj. 平庸的,不易消化的,塞满的,笨重的, BORING, DULL
stodgy◇exciting平庸的◇令人兴奋的(从智力和感情两个方面对应注意,不要选HAPPY!!!!!!)
43
ponderous:adj. 笨重的,笨拙的 of very great weight
ponderous◇ethereal/gossamer/lively 轻飘飘的
slight◇ponderous 轻微的◇笨重的
ponderous◇lively/vibrant/briskly 笨拙的◇活泼的
48
rescission:an act of rescinding
:v.废除,取消to make void (as an act) by action of the enacting authority or a superior authority:REPEAL
irrevocable:rescind=??不能取消的:废除=??
rescind◇institute废除,取消◇创立
rescission◇enactment废除,取消◇设定,制定
59
CUMBERSOME:adj. 讨厌的,麻烦的,累赘的 unwieldy because of heaviness and bulk
UNWIELDY:not easily managed ,handled or used because of heaviness and bulk
cumbersome◇easy to handle 麻烦的◇容易处理的
64
virtuosity:鉴定眼光
mediocrity:of low quality ,value,ability,or performance:
virtuoso:skill=potentate:power 艺术名家:技艺=当权者:权力 (人物及其正面特征)
virtuosity◇mediocrity大师◇平庸之才
virtuoso◇beginner大师◇初学者
72
cosset:v. 宠爱,娇养 to treat as a pet:PAMPER
(PAMPER;to treat with extreme or excessive care and attention)
slight: to treat with disdain or indifference
注意不要选:DISLIKE
cosset◇slight 宠爱◇轻蔑
cosseted◇unspoiled 宠爱的◇未宠坏的
75
SMUGNESS:highly self-satisfied/
trim or smart in dress:spruce/
scrupulously clean ,neat, or correct :TIDY
smirk:smugness=sneer:derision 得意地笑:自满=冷笑:嘲笑(动作与表达的心理)
primp:vain=gloat:smug打扮:虚荣的=幸灾乐祸:自满的(动作与表达的心理)
80
mollycoddle◇treat harshly 娇养◇粗鲁的对待
83
responsive:adj. 回答的,应答的,易感应的quick to respond or react appropriately or sympathetically: SENSITIVE
REFRACTORY:resisting control or authority:STUBBORN, UNMANAGEABLE执拗的,难治的,不听话的。
refractory◇responsive难驾驭的◇易感应的
dispassionate◇responsive冷静的,平心静气的◇易感应的
adamant:flexibility=refractory:control 坚硬的:弹性=难驾驭的:控制(反义关系)
recalcitrant/refractory:authority=reactionary:change 反抗的/不听话的:权威=反对变革的:改变 (事物及其反面特征)
inexperience:green=pertinacity:refractory无经验:无经验的=顽固:难控制的 (同义关系)
unruly:authority=refractory:change不受拘束的:权威=难控制的:改变 (人物个性及反对目标
86
facetious:mean to be humorous or funny :not serious.
facetious◇earnest 滑稽的◇严肃的
facetious◇lugubrious滑稽的◇可怜的, 悲惨的, 悲哀的
facetious:speech=antic:behavior 滑稽的:演讲=古怪的:行为 (形容词及其修饰名词)
88
brassy:adj. 似黄铜的,厚脸皮的 being shamelessly BOLD!
vigorous是精力充沛的意思不是勇敢的意思!!!!!!
diffident◇brassy 羞怯的和胆小的◇厚颜无耻的
expansive◇reserved/diffident 豪爽的,开朗的愿交往的◇矜持的/羞怯的和胆小的
nervy◇diffident勇敢◇缺乏自信
diffidence◇braveness缺乏自信◇勇敢
expansive◇reserved/diffident/taciturn/withdrawn 健谈的◇内向的/冷漠的/沉默寡言的/性格内向的
diffidence◇blazonness缺乏自信◇夸示
furtive◇open/forthright/brassy秘密的◇公开的/直率的/厚脸皮的
brassy◇humble厚脸皮的◇谦逊的
brassy◇unassertive厚脸皮的◇谦逊的
92
galling:markedly irritating:
gall◇lull 焦躁◇平静
gall◇calm/assuage 焦躁◇冷静/镇定
galling◇placating 焦躁的◇抚慰的
gall◇placate使烦恼◇安抚
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LASH:to bind with or as if with a line另外:鞭打,捆扎,煽动,讽刺,冲洗,责骂。DASH,
lash<>unbind
106
RECIPROCATING:vi. 往复运动,互换,酬答 to move forward and backward alternately
reciprocating◇moving unidirectional往复运动◇单向运动
112
HUSKY:adj. 声音沙哑的 hoarse with or as if with emotion
husky◇delicate 嘶哑的◇细腻的

123
lush:adj. 苍翠繁茂的,多青草的,丰富的 growing vigorously especially with luxuriant foliage
sere◇lush/damp干枯的,凋萎的◇丰富的/湿润的
128
inducement◇deterrent引诱◇制止
135
misread:to misinterpret in or as if in reading
misread<>interpret correctly
142
enunciate:v. 发音,(清楚地)表达
a:to make a definite or systematic statement of b:ANNOUNCE, PROCLAIM mumble:vt.vi. 喃喃而语,咕哝 to utter with a low inarticulate voice
waffle:enunciate=embed:disinter胡扯:清晰阐明=嵌入:掘出 (反义关系)
enunciate◇mumble清晰表达◇喃喃而语
144
vacuous:adj.空的,空洞的,愚蠢的,茫然的,无所事事的
marked by lack of ideas or intelligence:STUPID, INANE
vacuous◇intelligent心灵空虚的◇聪明的
vacuous◇omniscient空的,空虚的◇全知的, 无所不知的
146
jejune◇thought provoking 内容空洞的◇促人思考的
well-rounded:a.having a broad educational background;
b.comprehensive
150
taut:整洁的,紧的
tout:招徕,劝诱
152
awash:covered with water:FLOOD
awash<>dry
155
abject:不幸的,悲惨的,卑下的
1.sunk or existing in a low state or condition
2.cast down in spirit
showing utter
hopelessness or resignation
3.expressing or offered in a humble and often infratiating spirit
abject◇exultant 可怜的◇得意洋洋的
abject◇spirited/exciting可怜的◇生气勃勃地/令人兴奋的
168
jabber:v. 快而不清楚地说
to talk rapidly, indistinctly, or unintelligibly
jabber◇speak slowly 快而不清楚地说◇慢慢地说
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pungency: causing a sharp or irritating sensation; especially:ACRID
blandness: not irritation,stimulating,or invigoration:SOOTHING.
pungency◇blandness辛辣◇乏味
56
blandishment:n.奉承
something that tends to coax or cajole:ALLUREMENT
blandishment:coax=medal:honor甜言蜜语哄骗:哄骗=奖牌:荣誉 (事物及其表达的含义)
blandishment◇threat奉承◇威胁
206
sory:adj.匆匆忙忙的, 粗略的, 草率的
rapidly and often superficially performed or produced:HASTY
curso

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